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about IELTS listening

Sentence

Sentences are made up of words. A group of words that make COMPLETE sense is called a sentence.

My name is Ravi.

The sentence above is a complete sentence. And so are:

I am going to office.

The sun rises in the east.

Earthquakes are a natural calamity

Williams is a good boy

Words make up sentences.

If you notice, all the above sentences give you a complete meaning on their own.

A sentence is further divided into Subject and Predicate.

A subject is the topic of a sentence or something or someone that the sentence is talking about. For example, in the sentence “The sun rises in the east”, the topic is the sun. Thus, the subject of the sentence is “the sun”. On the other hand, a predicate is what is being talked about the subject. So here, “rises in the east” is the predicate.

Note: The predicate always starts with a verb. So pick out the verb in every sentence and everything on the left to it is the subject and everything on the right along with the verb is the predicate.

Structure of Sentences

In the previous section, we divided the sentence into Subject and Predicate, where Subject is the topic of the sentence, and Predicate is what being talked about the Subject.

Like every other language, English sentences too are divided into Subject, Verb and Object (Predicate is further divided into Verb and Object).
Most of the sentences in English are of this order:

SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT.

1.The sun rises from the east.

1.The sun- Subject rises- Verb from the east- Object

2.Ravi is a good boy

Ravi- Subject is- Verb a good boy- Object

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